Cookies

Like most websites The Analytical Scientist uses cookies. In order to deliver a personalized, responsive service and to improve the site, we remember and store information about how you use it. Learn more.
Fields & Applications Pharma & Biopharma, Mass Spectrometry, Capillary Electrophoresis

Quick screening of intact antibody and antibody-drug conjugates with integrated microfluidic capillary electrophoresis and mass spectrometry

Goal

Rapid screening of the heterogeneity of monoclonal antibodies and antibodydrug conjugates by an integrated microfluidic capillary electrophoresis (CE) and mass spectrometry (MS) workflow.

Introduction

Monoclonal antibodies (mAb) and antibody-drug conjugates (ADC) constitute two of the most important biopharmaceuticals within the class of biotherapeutic drugs.1 During drug development and manufacturing, undesired mutations and in vitro modifications may introduce sample heterogeneity, causing changes to the protein structure that may lead to the loss of drug efficacy.2,3 Therefore, the availability of a quick screening method at the intact protein level to detect and assess any variability that might occur during drug development is attractive. Multiple analytical methods such as high-resolution liquid chromatography (HPLC), capillary electrophoresis (CE), and mass spectrometry (MS) have been used separately or together to characterize monoclonal antibodies.

Introduced here is a CE-MS solution achieved by coupling the ZipChip™ (908 Devices) system and the Thermo Scientific™ Q Exactive™ Orbitrap™ MS with the BioPharma option to rapidly assess the heterogeneity of mAb and ADC as a complementary approach to existing analytical methods. CE has been previously described as a highresolution separation method for intact proteins.5–7 The implementation of charge-based separations as a microfluidic device, the ZipChip provides shorter analysis time due to its high electrical field strength.8 The Q Exactive MS with BioPharma option is quickly becoming popular for biopharmaceutical characterization due to its high-resolution, accurate-mass (HRAM) performance for the detection of very large biomolecules with a mass range up to m/z 8000. This application describes the combination of these two techniques in one platform and demonstrates its ability for quick screening of biopharmaceutical drug heterogeneity.

Experimental

Materials
NIST mAb (reference material 8671)9 is a recombinant, humanized IgG1 κ and its structure and post-translational modifications have been well characterized. The antibody sample is known to have a relative abundance of C-terminal lysine clipping, N-terminal pyroglutamination, glycosylation, as well as a lower abundance of oxidation, deamidation, and glycation modifications. An NIST mAb ADC analogue was made from the NIST mAb reference material using enzyme-based N-glycan labeling and SiteClick™10 chemistry, resulting in covalent binding of two molecules of DIBO-Biotin per mAb.


For more information from Thermo Scientific and to download this app note:
>> Please click here to fill out the short form

Enjoy our FREE content!

Log in or register to gain full unlimited access to all content on the The Analytical Scientist site. It’s FREE and always will be!

Login

Or register now - it’s free and always will be!

You will benefit from:

  • Unlimited access to ALL articles
  • News, interviews & opinions from leading industry experts
  • Receive print (and PDF) copies of The Analytical Scientist magazine
Register

Or Login via Social Media

By clicking on any of the above social media links, you are agreeing to our Privacy Notice.

Newsletter

Send me the latest from The Analytical Scientist.

Sign up now

Register to The Analytical Scientist

Register to access our FREE online portfolio, request the magazine in print and manage your preferences.

You will benefit from:

  • Unlimited access to ALL articles
  • News, interviews & opinions from leading industry experts
  • Receive print (and PDF) copies of The Analytical Scientist magazine

Register