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Fields & Applications Environmental, Food, Beverage & Agriculture, Liquid Chromatography, Mass Spectrometry

A Race Against “Forever”

We recently spoke with three PFAS analysis experts – Jochen Mueller, Mark Strynar, Stefan van Leeuwen, and Richard Jack – to find out what analytical advances are needed for the fight against forever chemicals. You can read the full feature here.

Now, we’re looking back in time at the critical timestamps from the birth of this “forever” problem to the present day.

Images used in video sourced from

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  1. ITRC, “History and Use of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) found in the Environment,” (2020). Available at:  
  2. JP Giesy, K Kannan, “Global Distribution of Perfluorooctane Sulfonate in Wildlife,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 35, 7 (2001). DOI: 
  3. JW Martin et al., “Peer Reviewed: Analytical Challenges Hamper Perfluoroalkyl Research,” Environ. Sci. Technol., 38, 13 (2004). DOI: 
  4. OECD, “Reconciling Terminology of the Universe of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances: Recommendations and Practical Guidance,” OECD Series on Risk Management (2021). Available at: 
  5. ECHA (2023), Available at:
About the Author
Markella Loi

Associate Editor, The Analytical Scientist

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