Dairy and Food Emulsions measurement
The particle size of the fat droplets present in dairy and other food emulsions is important in defining properties such as flavor release, mouth feel and emulsion stability. Thus, a knowledge of the particle size is critical in defining the functionality and taste of different food emulsion products. Here we show how laser diffraction can be used to measure and understand the changes in size that occur during production and storage of dairy products. This in turn can lead to a better understanding of how product formulation and performance are linked.
sponsored by Malvern Panalytical
The particle size of fat droplets present in dairy and other food emulsions is important in defining properties such as flavor release, mouth feel and the emulsion stability. Large emulsion droplets can lead to poor flavor release, a greasy mouth feel and poor stability due to creaming. Emulsification to a smaller droplet size tends to reduce creaming and improve the taste of a product. However, in doing this a balance is required, as decreasing the particle size increases the available surface area, which in turn can lead to flocculation if the emulsifier concentration is not controlled.
In other products, such as ice cream, the particle size of the fat droplets is important in defining structural characteristics. Aggregated fat clusters are known to be involved in the stabilization of the air cells within whippable diary products. The formation of these clusters can only be achieved by the controlled destabilization of the fat emulsion. Thus, a knowledge of the particle size is important in defining the functionality and taste of different food emulsion products.
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